Livestock Strengthening and Management
The objective of this sub-component is to demonstrate how livestock in particular small ruminant productivity adopting climate smart practices and incomes from goat production can be significantly enhanced. Goat meat will form the core of a small ruminant livestock value chain which aims to support a potentially significant source of diversified income for small holder 40 farmers operating in difficult climatic conditions. The project supporting the following Activities:-
(A) Improving market access and value addition;
(B) Improving productivity adopting climate smart practices focused on breeding, animal health and feeding and other husbandry practices such as stall feeding, better use of crop residues; improving grazing land and silvipasture on private and common property; and
(C) Capacity building supporting farmer training Animal Husbandry Department (AHD) staff to backstop delivery of improved technical services and farmer advisory. Small local support units will be built to support farmer training and access to services. The AHD will also be provided with a small number of additional mobile vans to support delivery of animal health services in selected cluster. Capacity building activities will support livestock broadly not only goats. A feasibility study will assess need for additional AHD support for feed analysis, disease diagnosis and vaccine production.
To improve market and value addition:- The project is supporting, (a) Formation of farmer producer groups that would enable the producer to access diversified markets, better access to inputs and services on a gender equitable basis and access to market information, (b) Establishment of small ruminant haats in the selected clusters, where improvement in the basic infrastructure would be taken up.
The selection criteria for haats:- (a) villages should be under the proposed cluster; (b) at least one weekly market is organized in the haat; and (c) village Panchayat should have land for construction and willing to take up maintenance. Although the infrastructure that would be needed in the haats will emerge from the market needs assessment through participative consultation, illustrative facilities that would be provided in the haat include (a) covered shed (b) weighing platforms (c) toilets and (d) hand pumps for safe drinking water.
Productivity enhancement:- Focus on a) breed improvement through supply of improved adapted bucks; and advisory services to ensure breeding cycle coincides with market demand, climatic conditions/ resources availability, b) improved feeding through advisory support to improve nutrition and better use local resources; improving availability through improved & expanded fodder and silvipasture development on both private and public owned lands, better integration of crops with livestock through simple storage, production and processing of crop residues to include, feed blocks, chaffing and fodder banks; c) animal health services that are adequate, targeted and timely provided largely through animal health camps supported by the state veterinarians via mobile vans; d) animal husbandry and management advisory support to encourage housing and manger/stall feeding to improve feed utilization, reduce disease exposure and promote hygienic practices.
Capacity building encompasses:- a) farmer training and ongoing skills and knowledge development and exposure visits to see successful goat meat value chain; b) training of Animal Husbandry Department to backstop delivery of technical services, advice and provide project M&E; c) providing mobile vans to strengthen the Animal Husbandry Departments capacity to deliver animal health services in selected clusters and c) building and equipping small local support units to serve a central role for both the market access and productivity enhancement components. This latter facility will also support agriculture activities within the cluster and beyond RACP will backstop other livestock activities. 41 20. A feasibility study will be undertaken exploring options for enhancing the AHD states vaccine production facility, the soil and feed testing lab and disease diagnostics facility, all of which are located in Jaipur. A decision would be taken to take up these activities during the projects midterm review based on the feasibility study.